Change in Employment, Unemployment and Labor Force


The number of unemployed in the Pittsburgh MSA — seasonally adjusted — decreased by 23.1 percent in May 2018 compared to May 2017. The number of employed decreased by 0.2 percent year-over-year while the total labor force decreased by 1.3 percent.


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Data Source(s):

Bureau of Labor Statistics

These figures are for U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA).

Current month data are preliminary. All data are seasonally adjusted figures.

Unemployed persons are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the prior 4 weeks, and are currently available for work. Receiving benefits from the Unemployment Insurance program has no bearing on whether a person is classified as unemployed. Persons who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Employed persons are classified as those who did any work for pay or profit during the survey reference week; persons who did at least 15 hours of unpaid work in a family-operated enterprise; and persons who were temporarily absent from their regular jobs because of illness, vacation, bad weather, industrial dispute, or various personal reasons.

The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. Those who are neither employed nor unemployed are considered not in the labor force, e.g. persons who are not working and are not available for work during the reference week and persons who are not available and are not looking for work because of reasons other than those previously mentioned.